Solutions

Research Use Only

The EarliPoint™ Evaluation for Autism Spectrum Disorder is an investigational device utilizing Dynamic Quantification of Social-Visual Engagement (DQSVE), to capture moment-by-moment looking behavior imperceptible to the human eye. For a child, it is as simple as watching a video – like scenes of toddlers playing –while the device assesses the individual focal points at a rate of 120 times per second. Each data point is then compared to thousands of discrete measurements within a clinically validated database, so that parents, caregivers and providers, have a timely, objective and accurate read of potential developmental disabilities1.

Typically developing children viewing videos tend to focus on the same area of the scene at the same moment about 80% of the time.  This responsiveness to socially salient aspects of the video is known as entrainment. By noting specific convergence points in the video, points where typical children are looking at a singular focal point at a singular moment, the EarliPoint test can compare an  individual child’s looking behavior, or entrainment, to a statistically significant threshold.

Figure 1 shows looking behavior for a video scene where typically developing children are converging on a single area at the same moment in time. Represented by the narrow, red area on the saliency map (Fig.1), these focal points are compiled and evaluated over many scenes (Fig. 2), creating Attentional Funnels™.  Attentional funnels are clinically validated reference standards used to evaluate entrainment of an individual child.  During the test, a child’s attention, whether inside or outside of the funnel (Fig. 3),  is analyzed to determine the Measure of Relative Entrainment (MRE), in turn, confirming the presence, absence and severity of ASD.

EarliPoint Attentional Funnel

Figure 1 - Attentional Funnel for Typically Developing Children
Figure 1
Attentional Funnel for Typically Developing Children
Figure 2 - Moment-by-Moment Eye-Gaze Measurement
Figure 2
Moment-by-Moment Eye-Gaze Measurement
Figure 3 - Deviation from Attentional Funnel
Figure 3
Deviation from Attentional Funnel

Looking behavior is a strong indicator of a neurodevelopmental disability. On average, the looking behavior of young children with ASD deviates more than a thousand times (or video frames) from the normative attentional funnels during a testing session. These deviations can be interpreted as missed opportunities for social learning. In real-life social interaction, these results suggest that young children with ASD may miss over ten thousand momentary opportunities for social learning in a 2-hour social encounter.

Note: The EarliPoint Evaluation for Autism Spectrum Disorder is not FDA cleared and not for sale in the U.S.

1Pending FDA approval